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藝術家
刘国枢 1919年


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简介
1919年生于四川武隆。1938年就读于武昌艺术专科学校,1942-1945年先后毕业于该校艺师科及西画科。1950年以来历任西南人民艺术学院、西南美术专科学校、四川美术学院讲师、教授、系主任等职,四川省教育委员会美术学科高级职称评审组成员。1987年退休。中国美术家协会会员、美协四川分会常务理事。擅长油画,《红军在川北》、《飞夺泸定桥》均由中国人民革命军事博物馆收藏;《春江水暖》参加纽约中国当代油画展,为美国人士收藏。出版有《刘国枢油画选》。刘国枢一生从事教育改革事业,对于中国西南后方艺术教育贡献实为第一人。

年谱


1919十月二十日出生于四川省涪陵县。刘国枢自幼在一个有较好文化生活的家庭中成长,其父刘龙酿有广博的文史基础,和时新文化的知识,长于绘画、音乐、文学、书法、工艺等多才多艺,是我国中等学校设置艺术学科的第一代教师。家中琴棋书画俱全,刘国枢自幼受到一定的艺术熏陶。
1923入私塾读书,由识字渐及儿童读物。常见父亲作画,极感兴趣,有时偷偷临摹《三国演义》肖像人物,或作初级的花鸟画。
1926入乡立小学初级班读书,后因学潮而回家继续在私塾学习。
1927母亲因病去世。
1929因乡间闹土匪,离开农村到涪陵县随父亲生活。是年,入涪陵县立第三初级小学插班学习。
1930考入涪陵县立中小合校小学部学习,成绩中上,唯独喜爱图画课,假期返乡途中能用铅笔画风景写生,画乌江沿岸景物。在乡问常为亲友作画,颇受乡人钟爱。
1932小学毕业,考入初中,对绘画有进一步的志趣,专心临摹《芥子园画谱》,及书刊裹的中西绘画,并渐能略有创作。自已作泥塑,能根据照片塑出人像。根据电影明星蝴蝶女士照片塑成的胸像,被送到县图书馆陈列。
1033刘国枢在图画教师李才良手下学习水墨写意花乌画,极感兴趣。李才良看到了刘国枢的绘画天份,极为鼓励。刘国枢自已编了一本小画册,还学刻印章,时正读初中二年级,忽然想去美专求学,但被父亲制止。
1935夏,初中毕业,李才良作一幅花鸟画相赠,刘国枢也以一幅花鸟画回赠以志纪念。
由于家中经济拮锯无法升学,十六岁时,刘国枢应同学王明德(时任涪陵龙潭小学校长)之邀,独自跋涉百余里去该校任美术、音乐课教师。工作之余习画勤奋,常专心临摹古画印刷品,渐能创作国画山水,向他索画的人渐多。王明德于年终被撤职。
1936同学王文俊任涪陵红庙小学校长,聘刘国枢为美术、音乐等课教师,期末开了一次美术、工艺成绩展览,名为「恳亲会」,备受称赞。于是刘国枢受涪陵第一小学校长关注,是年下学期,受聘涪陵第一小学,任美术、音乐课教师。这是县裹最大的一所有名的完全小学,刘国枢在此校任教两年半,期问认识了一位军界美工人员名叫鲜于国凤(朝鲜族)。俩人交往甚好,常在一起研究绘画。鲜于长于人物画,曾送刘国枢一幅水彩画题为《艺林一绝者》和一句感言「苦心天不负,有志事竟成」,对刘国枢激励颇大。后又读法国农林画家米助的传记,立下以米勒为师,向米勒学习的志向。这时他开始了画人物画,画了一些儿童画和风俗人物画。
1937春,寒假中,回乡度假。为乡坊街道一陈姓茶馆画了几幅窗心画,贴在镜窗上,被外国科技人员购去,一时成为乡问佳话。
是年「七七事变」,日寇入侵。刘国枢热衷于抗日宣传,开始画抗日战绩画和宣传画。
1938在涪陵抗敌后援会的组织下,在街头画了巨幅壁画《保卫大武汉》,和其它大幅抗日战绩画,陈列在闹市心中。是年下学期,刘国枢不顾一切困难,毅然辞去教职,考入迁到四川的武昌艺专高中艺术师范科图音科,开始了正规的专业学习,实现了他的美术梦。入学后,师从著名留法油画家唐一禾,接受了极好的西画启蒙教育。
1939中央大学艺术系毕业的冯法祀受聘到武昌艺专任教,冯法祀思想进步,学识丰实,教素描课常从文艺理论上讲述,启发学生,还介绍一些近代革命文艺知识,刘国枢受益很多。同年七月,刘国枢因重病回涪陵医治。康复后,由姐夫李景介绍,为涪西师营区(兵役机构)司令部作了两幅油漆画《收复失地》和《此仇必报》,用唐一禾制作漆画的技法,效果近似油画。后短期应聘涪陵涪光中学、涪陵女中两校的图画、音乐课教师工作。是年十一月返回武昌艺专复学,冯法祀已离校,唐一禾邀请他到他授课的画室任教。
1940二月,因经济困难,刘国枢离校考入中国电影制片厂担任美工。六月为避空袭暂离电影厂去合川女中任教的大哥刘国重处,该校临时聘他为美术、音乐教师。期末,辞去电影厂工作,又回武昌艺专作画度假。学期开始又因学费不能解决而再次接受合川女中之聘请“武昌艺专校长唐义精题词相送,唐一禾为刘国枢作素描像留念,此像仍保留至今。
1941二月,经过努力又重回武昌艺专学习。此时,他学习勤奋,成绩优异,备受唐一禾称赞,称他为有天赋的绘画才能,称他的画有独特的笔趣和韵味。
创作油画作品《盲婆》(参加一九四二年中华美术会秋季美展)、《挑夫》(参加某国际性美展,并赠给某国际文化团体)、《漆女士像》(参加一九四三年在重庆举办的第三届全国美展)。
1942此时进入了刘国枢肖像画的成熟时期,是年秋中华全国美术会举全国性美展,刘国枢送展的油画《乞妇》、《盲婆》,素描《挑碗工均获入选,评价甚高。
是年,从高中艺术师范科毕业,考入武昌艺专科西画部继续从唐一禾深造。
创作油画作品《乞妇》、单色画《老农》、素描《挑碗工》。
1943创作油画作品《流浪汉》。
1944三月,冯玉祥将军为抗日募捐而到江津县,并亲至武昌艺专讲话。刘国枢画了一幅油画像送他,被冯玉祥送去义卖,并写了一幅条幅回赠刘国枢,题词「倭寇杀我同胞和父母,此仇不共戴天,此仇不报何为志士仁人」。
三月二十四日,唐一禾与唐义精搭船去渝途中不幸覆船罹难。
创作油画作品《门房老张》。
1945夏天毕业于西画科。八月抗战胜利,武昌艺专商议搬回武汉,拟邀刘国枢回母校任教,后因迁回后经费困难,故未成行。
1946春,刘国枢与武昌艺专同学傅若芸在渝结婚。两人同在四川县丰都县中学任教。后与同学刘次贵、邹家驹、刘军组织「巴特隆艺术社」,刘国枢任社长。
1947受雇于一家电影院任宣传主任,
1948受聘于西南美术专科学校任西画科主任,仍兼电影院工作。
创作油画作品《江边小景》、《鹞》。二幅画均参加当年重庆市美术会主办的美展。
1950受聘西南人民艺术学院美术系任教,迁居九龙坡黄境坪。创作宣传画《在毛泽东旗帜下前进》、《此仇必报》、油画《卑劫的暴行》。
1952随学院上改工作队参加土地改革工作。冬天,去重庆一○一钢铁厂体验生活。
创作油画《送饭》、水彩画《人民大礼堂》、宣传画《工农紧密团结,城乡互助支援》。
1954油画《送饭》入选第二届全国美展,并刊于《人民文学》、《西南文艺》等杂志。
1955参加了第一次全国素描座谈会,任西南美专组长。十一月,到川西陴西县参加农村合作化运动,作水彩、油画、速写生、速写,部份作品在《四川农民报》、《西南文艺》上发表“
1956四月到武汉临摹苏联经济文化建设成就大型展的美术作品,学习研究苏联油画,同时参加了画室习作,听了苏联画家梅尔尼柯夫的讲学“八月,到北京参加全国油画教学座谈会,并听了苏联画家马克西莫夫的讲学“
创作油画《维族少女》、《女人体》、《阳光下》、《老农》、《农林青年》。
1957三月去川北通、南、巴老红军根据地体验生活,步行数千里,登临大巴山,访问老红军。创作油画《红军到川北》,先在《美术杂志》一九五七年八月期刊出,后被中国革命军事博物馆收藏,创作《送饭的村姑》。
1958到重庆钢铁厂体验生活,在文化大普及运动中,率领师生三十余人赴南交地区作壁画,办群众美术班“十一月去川西访问老红军,十二月当选为重庆市九龙坡区第三届人民代表,和重庆市第三届人民代表。
创作油画《开山扩厂》、《冲破黎明时的星曙》(与魏传义合作),
1959春,去阿俱州泸定县体验生活。五月二十六日,西南美术专科学校改制,更名为四川美术学院。创作油画《飞夺泸定桥》(被中国革命军事博物馆收藏)、《农村姑娘》、《写春联》、《藏族姑娘》、《着三○年代服装的姑娘》。
1960五月,带领师生十余人去四川铜梁县绘制邱少云纪念馆陈列品巨幅油画和组画。七月去北京参加中国文学艺术工作者第三次代表大会,受到毛泽东、刘少奇、朱德、周恩来等接见“中国美术家协会在北京成立,刘国枢成为第一批会员,并参加第一次代表大会。十二月连任重庆市九龙坡区第四届人民代表。
创作油画组画《邱少云烈士纪念馆》。
1961一月连任重庆市第四届人民代表。八月去巴县一处公社体验生活。十一月去北京参观越南磨漆画。十二月去云南西双版纳体验生活“
创作油画《都江远瞻》(与张方展合作)、《黄金路》、《金海洪波》。
1962创作油画《俸族姑娘》、《俸族舞蹈家伊娟红》、《洪沧暮色》、《爱民族民兵》、《孔雀姑娘》、《海外来客》。磨漆画《洪沧晓雾》、《战地母亲》(与沈福文合作)
1963三月去巴县县委试验田体验生活,接触了几位县委书记。六月连任重庆市第五届人民代表。七月去荣昌县委试验田,与一雇农出身的县委书记一起工作劳动。
创作油画《县委书记》。
1964九月为重庆市国庆节日绘制在解放碑前竖立的巨幅毛泽东油画像。
创作油画《解雇》(参加全国反资美术展,人民日报、光明日报、重庆日报发表)
1965十月去四川简阳县参加农村社会主义教育运动。十二月连任重庆市第六届人民代表。
创作油画《白求恩》(与夏培耀合作,参加北京纪念抗日战争胜利二十周年美展)
1966二月继续在四川简阳参加农村社会主义教育运动。十月应天府煤矿之邀绘制巨幅壁上领袖画。
1967四月去合江县绘制了三十二川石油钴井队英雄事迹纪念馆陈列品。六月应邀去贵州柴油机厂绘制巨幅领袖画。九月应邀去某青年卫队绘制巨幅领袖画。
1968为重庆市中区绘制领袖像。
1969八至十月去铜梁县邱少云纪念馆绘制陈列品。十一月至十二月在重庆某机状厂绘制劳模事迹组画
1971七月至十月,在成都展览馆绘制大型油画《英模热爱毛主席》,陈列在展览馆。十二月随四川美院到浙江美院、广州美院、南京艺术学院参观访问。
1972六月去北京参观纪念「延讲」发表三十周年全国美展。
1973九至十二月去乐山地区体验生活。
创作油画《治河工地炊事员》。
1974九月在隆昌县水利工程工地开始办学。十月去北京参观庆祝建国二十五周年全国美展。
创作油画《夏日》、《静物》。
1975十月去川西广汉县参加四川省电影美术训练教学工作。
1976五至六月在成都合江县两地参加四川省石油美术训练班教学工作。九月毛泽东逝世,为追悼会先后绘制巨幅主席画像二幅。十一月连任重庆市第七届人民代表。十二月应邀去贵州镇宇县,任重庆、贵州两地电影美术训练班教学工作。创作油画《布衣族村舍》。
1977一月去铜梁县部队体验生活。八月去北京参观纪念解放军建军五十周年美展。
创作油画《黄地怒火》、《为了边疆人民的幸福》、《战士》。
1978五月连任重庆市第八届人民代表。六月带学生去石油基地体验生活。十一月去长沙参观瑞典博物馆藏画展。
创作油画《农村女青年》。
1979八月任绘画系副主任。九月任油画系专业第一届研究生指导教师。同月带学生去四川阿俱州未亚罗一带写生。十月去北京参加中国文学艺术工作者第四次代表大会,受邓小平接见,并参加了中国美术家协会第二次代表大会。创作油画《龙门峡》、《小溪激流》、《蓝衣少女》。
1980二月当选为四川省美协常务理事。十二月任四川美院首届学术委员会委员,连任重庆市第九届人民代表。
创作油画《青年女工》、《少女》、《千佛岩》、《中学生》、《小姑娘》。
1981九月担任四川美院绘画系油画专业第二届硕士研究生导师。油画《为了边疆人民的幸福》参加四川美院赴京油画展。
1982任四川美院学位委员会委员。三月参加全国高等艺术院校美术创作座谈会。十一月去北京参观罗浮宫油画展。
创作油画《水田人家》、《大足石刻游人多》、《餐厅服务员》、《林头》。
1983获得教授职称。二月被省立教局聘为高等学校教授、副教授职称,评审委员会美术学科评审组成员。六月去秀山湘西张家界写生。
创作油画《小桥》、《金鞭泉水声》、《山婆婆》、《乌江小镇》、《峰顶余辉》、《龙舟竞渡》、《端午》。
1984三月为纪念唐一禾、唐义精逝世四十周年,在重庆聚集武昌艺专校友召开纪念集会。刘国枢作「怀念先师」发言,发言转刊在《唐义精、唐一禾罹难四十周年纪念文集》中。十一月去北京、沈阳参观第六届全国美展,并参观前苏联油画展。创作油画《思》、《雾重庆》、《两路口》、《吹笛子的人》、《男人体》1、《男人体》2、《女人体》1、《女人体》2、《女人体》3、《春江水暖》。
1985十一月去上海参观法国印象派画展。
1986九月应邀任重庆职工美术专科学校副校长兼教务长。十二月去武隆县乌江写生。
创作油画《蓝蓝乌江水》(1994年四川美院《当代美术家》刊出、《小镇一角》。
1987三月退休。九月应邀在阿俱师范专科学校任教。十月在阿填州未亚罗区写生。油画《春江水暖》参加纽约举办的中国当代油画展。
创作油画《羌人村落》、《藏区小景》、《芙蓉》、《窗前》、《藏族女大学生》1、《藏族女大学生》2、《大学生》1、《大学生》2、《羌寨艳阳天》。
1988应邀在四川省教育学院授课。四川省美术出版社出版《刘国枢油画选》。
1989五月参加四川省美协第三次代表大会。六月应邀在洽陵师范专科学校讲学、任教。八月去阿填州未亚罗区写生。
1990寓居成都作油画静物花卉作品。
1991油画《思》、《绿荫》、国画《清影》参加四川美院离退休同志作品展。
创作油画《曲径通幽》、《绿荫》(参加香港举办的教师作品美展)。
1992油画《春意》参加纪念「延讲」发表五十周年美展,在四川展出。同年此画参加全国油画展。创作油画《春意》。
1993油画《老农》、《肖像》、《窗前》参加四川美院离退休同志作品展。
1994油画《芙蓉》、《肖像》、《绣球花》参加庆祝建国四十五周年四川美院老年画家作品展。油画《初春》参加四川美院教师作品双年展。


Liu Guoshu

Brief Introduction

 

Born in 1919 at Wu Lung, Sichuan. Studied at Wu Zhan Art College in 1938, and graduated in 1942 – 1945 from the Departments of Art Instruction and Western Painting. Had been working as instructor, professor, department head at Southwestern People’s Art Academy, Southwestern Art College, Sichuan Art College since 1950. A member of the Evaluation Section of Art Academics of the Sichuan Provincial Education Committee. Retired in 1987, a member of Chinese Artists Association, executive director of Sichuan Branch of Chinese Artists Association. Good at oil painting, works “Red Army in Northern Sichuan”, “Quick Takeover of Lu Ding Bridge” were all kept at the China People’s Revolutionary and Military Museum; “Spring River and Warm Water” participated in the Current Chinese Oil Painting Exhibition in New York and was collected by American collector. Published “Liu Guoshu Oil Painting Selections”. All his life, Liu Guoshu engaged in the education reform and was number one in the contribution of art education for Southwestern China.

 

Chronology

 

1919 born on October 20 in Bei Ling County, Sichuan Province. Liu Guoshu grew up in a family with good cultural environment. His father Liu Lung Niang had an excellent literary and historical knowledge background, as well as new culture and good at painting, music, literature, calligraphy and industrial art and various talents. The father was a first generation high school teacher when China started to establish art as an academic object. The family had all the equipment in musical instrument, chess, books and paintings. Liu Guoshu had been influenced in art since his childhood.

 

1923 entered a private school to study, learning the characters which led to reading. He often saw his father painting and felt interested strongly. Sometimes, he secretly painted by copying characters in the “Three Kingdom” or did elementary flowers and birds.

 

1926 enter preliminary level at the village elementary school. Afterward returned to private tutoring because of school movements.

 

1927 mother passed away.

 

1929 because of thieves and robbers in the countryside, he left the farm villages to live with father in Bei Ling County. This was the year he went to No. 3 County Elementary School in the third grade.

 

1930 entered the elementary section of Bei Ling County High/Elementary School with above average grades but really loved painting courses. On way back to home during vacation, painted with pencil on scenery live, painting scenes along the Wu River. In the country, he often paint for relatives and friends and was loved by fellow villagers.

 

1932 graduated from elementary school and entered junior high school via examination and had further interests in painting. He dedicated in imitating “Jei Zhi Yuan Painting Models”, as well as Chinese and Western paintings in books and magazines. He began to create his own and started sculpture based on photographs such as one based on movie star Hu Dieh which was displayed at country library.

 

1933 Liu Guoshu learned water ink flower and birds from a painting teacher Lee Tsai Liang and was very interested. Lee Tsai Liang saw his talent in painting and encouraged him greatly. Liu Guoshu made a little painting book and also learned to make name chops. He was in the second year of junior high when he suddenly wanted to study at art school but was stopped by his father.

 

1935 during the summer he graduated from junior high. Lee Tsai Liang did a flower and bird painting as a gift to him and Liu Guoshu also return one to show his gratitude. Due to poor economic conditions of the family, he could not further his education. At age 16, Liu Guoshu at the invitation of his school mate Wang Ming Teh (at the time was principle of Lung Tan elementary school) to teach art and music by walking hundred of kilometers. When not working, he diligently painted, often copying the printed version of ancient paintings and slowly was able to create Chinese paintings of mountain and waters. More and more people wanted his paintings and Wang Ming Teh lost his jobs then.

 

1936 another school mate Wang Wen Chun was principal of Bei Ling Red Temple Elementary School and hired Liu Guoshu as art and music teacher. At the end of the semester, there was an exhibition of art and industrial art which was call “Parent’s Day” and was highly praised by all.  So, Liu Gui Chu received attention by the principal of Bei Ling First Elementary School which hired him for the following semester to teach art and music. This was the largest and most complete school in the county. Liu Guoshu taught here for two and half years. During this period, he met an art work for the military named Shien Yu Guo Feng (Korean). The two became good friends and often studied painting together. The Korean was good at painting people and gave Liu Guoshu a water color painting as a gift entitled “A Great One in the Art World” and with words like “The heaven will not forget your ambition; where is a will there will be done”. This was very encouraging to Liu Guoshu. Then he read about French painter Millet’s biography and decided to learn to be like him. At this time, he started to paint people and children’s painting and people in common world.

 

1937 during the spring and winter vacations, he return to the home village. Did some window paintings for a tea house own by Zhen and was bought by foreign technical people and became known in the village as good news. This was the year of “July 7 Incident” of the Japanese war. Liu Guoshu was enthusiastic about anti-Japanese and began painting about warfare achievement and promotional campaigns.

 

1938 Under the organization of Bei Ling Anti-Enemy Support Association, painted large scale street wall painting “Protect Great Wu Han” and other anti-Japanese war achievement paintings displayed in the heart of the city. During the second semester, Liu Guoshu, in spite of all the difficulties, resigned from his teaching jobs and moved to and entered the Wu Chong Art College’s Senior High Normal and Art/Music Departments to start regular professional learning, thus realizing his dream for art. Upon entering the school, he followed teacher Tang Yi He who returned from France, therefore receiving excellent Enlightenment Education of western painting.

 

1939 Feng Fa Shih who graduated by Department of Art of Central University was hired to teach at Wu Chong Art College. Feng Fa Shih was progressive in his thinking and solid in his learning and knowledge. When he taught sketch lessons, he often talked about from a literary view point to inspire students while introducing revolutionary literature knowledge which benefited Liu Guoshu greatly. In July of the same year, Liu Guoshu return to Bei Ling for treatment because of serious illness. After recovery, through the introduction of brother in law, Lee Jin, he did two paintings using house paint for Bei Ling’s western division camps entitled “Recover the Lost Land” and “Avenge We Must”, using the techniques of painting from Tang Yi He and the effects were nearly like oil painting. Then he worked on short terms as art and music teacher for Bei Guang High School and Bei Ling Girls High School in Bei Ling. In November, he returned to Wu Chong Art College to resume school. At this time, Feng Fa Shih had left school. Tang Yi He invited him to his gallery to teach painting.

 

1940 in February, due to economic difficulties, Liu Gui Chu left school and entered China Film Plant to work as art worker. In June, in order to avoid air raids, he temporarily left the film plant and went to his older brother Liu Guoshung where he was with He Chuan Girls High School which temporarily employed him to be art and music teacher. At the end of the semester, he resigned the film plant job and return to Wu Chong Art College to paint and for vacation. When school started, again due to lack of tuition, he accepted the employment at He Chuan Girls High School. The president of Wu Chong Art College Tang Yi Jin wrote something nice as a gift and Tang Yi He did a sketch for Liu Guoshu for souvenir which is still kept till today.

 

1941 February, after some efforts, he resumed his studies at Wu Chong Art College. At this time, he studied diligently with excellent grades winning praises from Tang Yi He, saying that he was really talented in painting and his paintings had a unique brush touch and good tunes. His creative work “The Blind Old Lady” participated in the 1942 China Art Association Autumn Exhibition; “The Laborer who carries a Burden” was shown at an international art exhibition and given to an international group; “Painted Lady’s Portrait” attended 1943 The Third National Art Exhibition held in Chungking.

 

1942 at this time entered into a mature period of Liu Guoshu’s portrait paintings. In the autumn, his paintings “The beggar woman”, “The Blind Old Lady”, and sketch “Bowl Carrier” were all selected in the national exhibition that autumn of the China National Art Association and were highly praised. It was the year he graduated from Senior High Normal Department and entered western painting department at Wu Chong Art College, learning from Tang Yi He. Creative works included: “Beggar Woman”, single color painting “Old Farmer” and sketch “Bowl Carrier”.

 

1943 created old painting piece “The Drifter”

 

1944 in March, General Feng Yu Xiang came to Jiang Jin County for fund raising in the Anti-Japanese war and gave a speech at Wu Chong Art College. Liu Guoshu painted an oil painting as a gift which was auctioned by Feng and returned him with a banner written: “The Japs kill my fellow countrymen and my parents, this I must avenge under heaven so that I can call myself a man.” On March 24, Tang Yi He and Tang Yi Jin took a boat to Sichuan but unfortunately the boat sank. Liu Guoshu created an oil painting piece, “Doorman Old Zhang”.

 

1945 graduated from Department Western Painting in the summer. In August the Japanese War was won and discussion for Wu Chong Art College to move back to Wu Han and planed to have Liu Guoshu to teach back at the mother school. Later due to financial difficulties, it didn’t work.

 

1946 in the Spring Liu Guoshu married classmate Fu Ro Yun in Chungking, Sichuan. Both were teaching at Fung Du County High School. Later he organized “Bartelon Art Society” with schoolmates Liu Chih Gui, Zhou Jia Chu, Liu Juan, with Liu Guoshu as the director.

 

1947 hired to be Director of Promotion of a movie theater

 

1948 employed by Southwestern Art College as Director of Department of Western Painting and still worked for the movie theater part time. Created oil painting pieces “Scenery at the River” and “Snipe”, both shown at the art exhibition hosted by Chungking Municipal Art Association

 

1950 employed to teach at Department of Art at Southwester People’s Art College and moved to Huang Jing Ping, Jiu Lung Po. Created promotional paintings “Advance under the Flags of Mao Tse Dong”, “This We Must Avenge” and oil painting “Lowly Violence”.

 

1952 followed the college to joint the work force in land reform. During the winter, went to Chungking No. 101 Steel Factory to experience work life. Created oil painting “Delivery the Meal” and water color “People’s Hall” and promotional painting “Farmers and Workers Closely United; Cities and Villages Mutually Support Each Other.”

 

1954 oil painting “Delivery the Meal” was selected for the Second National Art Exhibition and published in magazines such as People’s Literature and Southwestern Literature

 

1955 participated the First National Sketch Conference as the Southwestern Art Section Chief. In November went to Bei Xi County in western Sichuan for the cooperative movement of farming villages and painted water color, oil paintings, and speed sketch live. Some works published in “Sichuan Farmer’s Newspaper” and Southwestern Literature

 

1956 went to Wu Han in April to imitate the large size art works in Soviet economic and cultural constructional achievement. Learn and research Soviet oil paintings and participated in painting room exercises and listened to Soviet painter’s instruction and speeches by A. A. Milnikow. In August, went to Beijing to participate the National Oil Painting Teaching Conference and listened to speech byМаксимовК.М. Created “Uyghur Maiden”, “Female Body”, “Under the Sun”, “Old Farmer” and “Farming Young Man”

 

1957 went to northern Sichuan, old Red Army bases in March to experience revolutionary life style and walked thousands of kilometers and interviewed old soldiers and created oil paints “Red Army Comes to Northern Sichuan” which was first published in the 1958 August issue of Art Magazine and later collected by China Revolutionary Military Museum. Created “The Village Girl Delivering the Meal”

 

1958 went to Chungking Steel Factory to experience worker’s life. During the popular movement of culture, he led 30 some teachers and students to Nan Jiao region to do wall paintings and did art classes for people in general. In November he went to western Sichuan to interview Red Army old soldiers and in December was elected the Third People’s Representative of Jiu Lung Po District of Chungking City. Created oil painting “Opening Mountains and Expanding Factories”, “Stars Breaking through Early Morning” (jointly worked with Wei Chuan Yi)

 

1959 during the spring went to Lu Ding County Ah Chu State to experience country life. On May 26, Southwestern Art College changed its system and became known as Sichuan Art College. Created oil painting “Quick Takeover of Lu Ding Bridge” (collected by China Revolutionary Military Museum). Other works included “Farming Girl”, “Writing Spring Poetry”, “Tibetan Girl” and “Girl Dressed in Clothes of the 30’s”

 

1960 in May led over a dozen teachers and students to Tong Liang County, Sichuan, to paint and produce giant oil painting and group paintings for the Chiu Shao Yun Memorial Museum. Went to Beijing in July for the Third Representative Meetings of Chinese Literary and Art Workers and was received by Mao Tse Dong, Liu Shao Chih, Chu Teh and Chou En Lai. The Chinese Artist Association was established in Beijing and Liu Guoshu was one of the first members and attended the First Representative Conference. In December, he was elected again as the Fourth Representatives for the Jiu Lung Po District of Chungking City. Created group paintings “the Chiu Shao Yun Martyr’s Memorial Museum

 

1961 in January he was elected again as the Fourth People’s Representative for Chungking City. In August went to a commune in Ba County to experience life. In November, went to Beijing to view the Vietnamese Lacquer painting. In December, went to Xishuang banna to live and experience local life. Created oil paintings “Looking Far on the Du River” (worked together with Zhang Fang Zhan), “The Gold Road” and “Golden Sea and Great Waves”

 

1962 created oil paintings “Fung Tribe Maiden”, “Fung Tribe Dancer Yin Chuan Hong”, “Waves at Sunset”, “Loving People and Folk Soldiers”, “Phoenix Maiden”, “Guest from Overseas”, lacquer painting “Waves under Fog”, “Battlefield Mother” (worked together with Shen Fu Wen)

 

1963 went to Ba County committee experimental field to experience life and met with several county secretaries. In June was re-elected as the Fifth People’s Representative of Chungking City. In July went to Ron Chong County Committee experimental fields, doing labor work with a county secretary. Created oil paining “County Secretary

 

1964 in September painted the giant oil portrait of Mao Tse Dong for National Holiday in front of the Liberation Monument. Created oil painting “Unemployed” (participated in the national art exhibition of anti-capitalism and published in People’s Daily, Guangming Daily and Chungking Daily)

 

1965 in October went to Jien Yang County, Sichuan to participate in the farms socialism education movement and in December re-elected to be the Sixth People’s Representative. Created oil painting “Bai Jiu En” (worked together with Shia Bei Yiao and participated in the Beijing Exhibition on the Twentieth Anniversary of Victory over the Japanese War)

 

1966 in February continued to be in Jien Yang County, Sichuan to participate in the farms socialism education movement. In October at the invitation of Tien Fu Coal Mine to paint a giant wall painting of leaders.

 

1967 in April went to He Jiang County to paint 32 pieces of oil drilling team for the hero’s museum to display. In June was invited to Guei Zhou Diesel Machinery Plant to paint a giant wall painting of leaders. In September, was invited to a certain youth guard to paint a giant wall painting of leaders.

 

1968 painted a painting of leaders in the central district of Chungking

 

1969 from August to October went to Tong Liang County, to paint displays for the Chiu Shao Yun Memorial Museum, and from November to December painted groups of painting for labor models in a certain machinery factory in Chungking

 

1971 from July to October painted large oil painting at the Chengdu Exhibition Hall “Labor Models Love Chairman Mao” which was displayed right there. In December, visited Zhejiang Art Academy, Guangzhou Art Academy and Nanjing Art Academy with the group from Sichuan Art Academy

 

1972 in June went to Beijing to visit the National Art Exhibition on the occasion of the Thirties Anniversary of the Yian An Talk

 

1973 went to Le Shan region from September to December to experience life and created oil painting “The Cook at the River Works”

 

1974 in September started schools for Lung Chong Country at the work site of water engineering. In October went to Beijing for the National Art Exhibition for the founding of the nation’s twenty fifth anniversary. Created oil paintings “Summer Days” and “Still Object”

 

1975 in October went to Guang Han County to attend the work of the Sichuan Provincial Movie Art Training and Teaching

 

1976 in May and June, attended in He Jiang and Chengdu art training classes for the petroleum industry in Sichuan. In September Mao Tse Dong passed away and he did two giant paintings of the Chairman’s portraits. In November he was re-elected to be the Seventh People’s Representative. In December, was invited to Cheng Yu County in Queizhou to conduct teaching work for movie art training for both Chungking and Queizhou. Created oil painting “Village of the Bu Yi Tribe”.

 

1977 went to Tong Liang County arm forces in January to experience life. In August, went to Beijing to visit the Fifties Anniversary Art Exhibition of the Establishment of the Liberation Army. Created oil paintings “Angry Fire over the Yellow Earth”, “For the Blessings of People near the Boarders” and “Worriers”

 

1978 re-elected in May as the Eighth People’s Representative of Chungking City. In June brought students to oil base to experience life. In November, went to Changsha to see the Painting Exhibition of Swedish Museum. Created oil painting “Young Girl of the Village”

 

1979 in August worked as Deputy Director of Department of Painting, by September, worked as Guidance for the First Graduate Students for Oil Painting Department. During the same month, brought students to paint live in the Ah Chu State and Wei Yu Lo in Sichuan. In October, went to Beijing to attend the Fourth Representative Conference of Chinese Literary and Art Workers and was received by Deng Hsiao Ping and attended the Second Representative Conference of the Chinese Artists Association. Created oil painting “Dragon Gate Strait”, “Quick Streams of Small River”, and “Maiden in Blue Dress”.

 

1980 in February elected as Executive Director of Sichuan Provincial Art Association. In December worked as the Member of First Academic Committee of Sichuan Art Academy and re-elected as the 9th People’s Representative of Chungking City. Created oil paints “Young Female Worker”, “Maiden”, “The Rock of Thousand Buddha”, “High School Student” and “The Little Girl”.

 

1981 in September worked as the Oil Painting Guidance Instructor for the Second MA Students at the Department of Painting of Sichuan Art Academy and oil painting. Oil painting “For the Happiness of People at the Boarders” participated in the Beijing Oil Painting Exhibition from Sichuan Art Academy.

 

1982 worked as member of Academic Committee of Sichuan Art Academy. In March attended Art Creation Conference of National Advanced Art Schools and Academies. In November travel to Beijing to see the Louvre Oil Exhibition. Created oil paintings “Water Field Family”, “Big Foot Stone Sculpture with Many Tourists”, “Restaurant Service People” and “The Forest”.

 

1983 received the title of professorship. In February he was employed by the Provincial Education Bureau as professor and associate professor for high level institutions, as well as membership in the evaluation commission of art course. In June, went to paint live in Zhangjiajie at the western part of Hunan province near Hsiu Mountain. Created oil paintings “The Little Bridge”, “Water Sounds at Golden Whip Spring”, “Grandma Mountain”, “The Little Town on Wu River”, “The Setting Sunlight at the Summit”, “Dragon Boat Race” and “Dragon Boat Festival”

 

1984 in March in order to remember the fortieth anniversary of the passing of Tang Yi He and Tang Yi Jin, a meeting was called in Chungking for Wu Chang Art College to gather for remembrance. Liu Guoshu made a speech “Remember Our Teacher” which was carried in the Memorial Articles of Fortieth Anniversary for Tang Yi Jin and Tan Yi He. In November went to Beijing and Shenyang to see the Sixth National Art Exhibition and the Soviet Oil Painting Exhibition. Created oil paintings “Thinking”, “Foggy Chungking”, “On the Crossroad”, “The Flutist”, “Male Body – I”, “Male Body – II”, “Female Body – I”, “Female Body – II”, “Female Body – III” and “Spring River with Warm Waters”.

 

1985 in November went to Shanghai to see the French Impressionism Painting Exhibition.

 

1986 in September upon invitation worked as Vice Principal and Dean of Chungking Employees Art College. Went to Wu Lung County to paint live at Wu River. Created oil paintings “The Blue Waters of Wu River”, (published in “Current Artists” Magazine in 1994, Sichuan Art Academy) and “One Corner of A Small Town”.

 

1987 retired in March and started teaching in September at the Ah Chu Normal College. Did painting live in October Ah Tien State Mironya areas. Oil painting “Spring River with Warm Waters” was shown at New York’s “China Current Oil Painting Exhibition”. Created oil paints “Villages of Jiang People”, “The Little Sceneries of Tibetan Region”, “Roselle”, “In Front of the Window”, “Tibetan Female College Student - I”,  “Tibetan Female College Student - II”, “College Student I” and “College Student II”, “Jiang Castle and Bright Sunshine”.

 

1988 upon invitation teaching at the Sichuan Provincial Education Academy. “Liu Guoshu Oil Painting Selections” was published by Sichuan Art Press.

 

1989 in May attended the Third Representative Conference of Sichuan Provincial Art Association. In June he was invited to give lectures and teach at Cha Ling Normal College. By August, he was painting live in Ah Tien State Wei Ya Lo District.

 

1990 took up residence in Chengdu and did oil paintings of stills, and flowers.

 

1991 oil paints “Thinking”, “Green Shadows”, Chinese brush painting “The Shadows” participated in the Exhibition of Retired/Left Comrades of Sichuan Art Academy. Created oil paintings “Winding Paths Leading to Quietness”, “Green Shadows” which participated in the Exhibition of Teachers Art Works hosted in Hong Kong.

 

1992 oil painting “The Smell of Spring” shown at the Yan An Speech 50th Anniversary Art Exhibition in Sichuan. In the same year, this painting was also shown at the National Oil Painting Exhibition.

 

1993 oil paintings “Old Farmer”, “Portrait”, and “In Front of the Window” participated in the art show of retired/left comrades of Sichuan Art Academy

 

1994 oil paintings “Roselle”, “Portrait”, and “Embroidery Ball of Flowers” participated in the old painters’ exhibition in celebration of the 45th anniversary of the founding of nation. Oil painting “Early Spring” was shown at the bi-annual exhibition of teachers’ works of Sichuan Art Academy

 







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